Anderson, B. (2007) Troubling tafficking: Why I am worried about motherhood and apple pie but don't endorse slavery. Danish Institute for International Studies.
Abstract: Trafficking in persons is currently viewed as a serious problem by a wide range of different agencies, organisations and lobby groups. And yet different groups identify trafficking as a problem for very different reasons and often have very different political agendas with regard to the issue. I examine three types of "stakeholders" with a view to identifying the key challenge for each in using the language of trafficking. These stakeholders are feminist "abolitionist" NGOs and their supporters; migrants'/ workers/human rights organisations; and states.
‘In an explosive work of investigative history that just won the Pulitzer Prize, a white son of Mississippi, Douglas Blackmon, has uncovered incredible virtual slavery that went on for decades after the Civil War. Black men chained, whipped, and bound in forced labor until almost World War II.”
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes is the "only United Nations entity focusing on the criminal justice element of these crimes, the work that UNODC does to combat human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants is underpinned by the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime and its protocols on trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling." (from webpage). Click this link for the UNODC 2014 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons
The US Department of State's Trafficking in Persons Report is available in PDF and online (search by country name). Each country narrative outlines the current state of slavery and trafficking activities and recommends ways to improve the current environment, prosecution, protection, and prevention efforts.
Contents: Introduction; Part I. The Rise and Costs of Human Trafficking: 1. Why has human trafficking flourished?; 2. The diverse consequences of human trafficking; Part II. The Financial Side of Human Trafficking: 3. Human trafficking as transnational organized crime; 4. The business of human trafficking; Part III. Regional Perspectives: 5. Asian trafficking; 6. Human trafficking in Eurasia and Eastern Europe; 7. Trafficking in Europe; 8. Trafficking in the United States; 9. Human trafficking in Latin America and Africa; Conclusion.
Contents: Work visa loopholes for traffickers. United States ; Japan ; United Arab Emirates -- Stateless persons. Thailand ; Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Terrorities -- Unrest, displacement, and who is in charge. Colombia ; Iraq ; Syria -- Conflation. Canada -- Conflicting agendas. Italy ; France -- Gender apartheid. Iran -- Social hierarchy. India ; Niger ; China -- Muti murder. South Africa -- Hard-to-prove criterion and a slap on the wrist. Australia ; United Kingdom ; Chile ; Germany -- Transparent borders. Poland -- Fear factor. Mexico -- Poverty and economic boom. Russia ; Brazil.
Contents Introduction : defining sex trafficking / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- Africa / Kimberley A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- Sex trafficking in the Horn of Africa / Sabita Manian -- Sex trafficking in the countries of South Africa, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe / William J. Mathias and Kimberly A. McCabe -- East Asia and Pacific / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- An anatomy of Asian gangs involved in sex trafficking : an application of routine activities theory / Nhatthien Q. Nguyen -- Taiwan's efforts to combat human trafficking between 2001 and 2008 / Yingyu Chen -- Europe / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- Mercenary territory : a UK perspective on human trafficking / Margaret Melrose -- Human trafficking in Austria, Poland, and Croatia / Karin Bruckmüller and Stefan Schumann -- Near East / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- The wretched of the earth : trafficking, the Maghreb, and Europe / Sunita Manian -- Addicted to cheap labor : the Gulf states, the Near East, and trafficking / Brian E. Crim -- South Asia / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Mannian -- Trafficking in India / Arvin Verma -- Afghanistan and the sex trade / Michael A. Bush -- Western hemisphere / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- Sex traffic and trafficking in the Caribbean / Brad Bullock -- Child commercial sexual exploitation in Nicaragua : a critical globalization perspective / Mirna Carranza and Henry Parada -- North America / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian -- Sex trafficking in the United States / Kimberly A. McCabe -- Sex trafficking in Canada : limited efforts in law enforement / James B. Grassano and T.A. Ryan -- Sex trafficking and Mexico / David H. Richards -- Conclusion : anti-trafficking efforts / Kimberly A. McCabe and Sabita Manian.
Contents: Sex trafficking : an overview -- India and Nepal -- Italy and western Europe -- Moldova and the former Soviet Union -- Albania and the Balkans -- Thailand and the Mekong subregion -- The United States -- A framework for abolition : risk and demand.
Summary: Slavery continues as a blight on the human world, with an estimated 27 million people around the world in bondage. Kevin Bales undertakes a discussion of the causes of enslavement & the socio-economic factors that sustain slavery in the 21st century.
Contents: Understanding slavery today -- Slavery and the human right to evil -- No one shall be held in slavery or servitude : A critical analysis of international slavery agreements -- Slavery and the emergence of non-governmental organizations -- Challenge of measuring slavery -- Globalization and redemption -- Human trafficking : A worldwide concern -- Understanding the demand behind human trafficking -- Coda : three steps to stopping slavery (and four things you can do right away).
Detected trafficking statistics from UNODC
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime notes that "regional differences in detection capacities and difinitions - particularly for forced labour - affect the global shares" UNDOC (2014) Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, p9.