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Datasets and Statistics

The guide links you to resources about datasets and statistics.

How to Cite Datasets in APA Style

APA Style Guide to Electronic References
For a complete description of citation guidelines refer to the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2012).

Data set

Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Available from Pew Hispanic Center Web site: http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

Note: Available from, rather than Retrieved from, indicates that the URL takes you to a download site, rather than directly to the data set file itself.

Graphic Representation of Data

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx

APA 6th edition
For a complete description of citation guidelines, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (2010).

Data set

Basic form:
Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Location: Name of producer.
or
Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Retrieved from http:// 

Example: 
Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

Unpublished raw data from study, untitled work

Basic form: 
Author, F. N. (Year). [Description of study topic]. Unpublished raw data.

Example:
Smith, J.A. (2006). [Personnel survey]. Unpublished raw data.

How to Cite Statistics in APA Style

APA Style Guide to Electronic References
For a complete description of citation guidelines refer to the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2012).

Graphic Representation of Data

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx.

APA 6th
For a complete description of citation guidelines, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition (2010). 

Citing Specific Parts of a Source

For in-text citations, indicate the page, chapter, figure, or table within the paranthetical citation.

Basic form:

(Author, Year, Table #)

Example:

(National Center for Education Statistics, 2008, Table 3)

Entry in a Reference Work
APA does not provide specific information on how to cite a statistical table, but use this general format to cite part of a source (e.g. a statistical table) in the bibliography.

Basic form:

Author. (Year). Title of entry. In Editor (Eds.), Title of reference book (pp. xxx-xxx). Retrieved from http:// OR Location: Publisher OR doi:xxxx.

Example:

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (2009). Table 151: Percentage of public and private high school graduates taking selected mathematics and science courses in high school, by sex and race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1982 through 2005. In U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (Ed.), Digest of Education Statistics (2009 ed.). Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d09/tables/dt09_151.asp.

American Veterinary Medical Association. (2010). Table 1204: Household Pet Ownership: 2006. In U.S. Census Bureau (Ed.), Statistical Abstract of the United States (129th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/2010/tables/10s1204.pdf.