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Doctor of Education Academic Program @Webster University

EdD in Transformative Learning in the Global Community

7th edition of Publication Manual of the APA

The seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association was released in October 2019. Be sure to check with your instructor about which edition to use.

Short video on APA 7th Citation

Help with APA Citation (6th ed.)

In fall 2019, the seventh edition of The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association updated the sixth edition. While in transition, be sure to ask your instructor which version to use.

Short Video on APA Citation (6th ed.)

APA Citation Guides in the Library

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Since 2000 there has been an effort to assign everything that exists in the digital world such as online articles with a unique number called a Digital Object Identifier or a DOI.  The DOI is unique, permanent, and persistent. It remains the same despite changes in URL's or permanent removal from the Internet.

In APA and AMA styles, use the DOI in citations whenever possible. If no DOI is present, try the free DOI lookup from CrossRef. For more information, watch the short video, Citing an article with a DOI and without a DOI (University of Maryland University College). If you have questions, Webster students, faculty and staff should contact the Webster U. Library Reference Department (info in the Help box).

Citation Generators

These websites will assist you in building citations for your bibliographies. Always check your citations against a style manual to make sure they are correct.