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Graphics, information and citation examples on this guide were taken from the Art Research guide of the University of California Irvine and are used with permission.

Image Citation Guide

  • How do I cite a digital image?

  • How do I cite a You Tube Video?
  • How do I provide attribution to an image I found on Creative Commons?
  • How do I cite a comic strip in MLA format?

This guide is designed to help you answer these sorts of questions. Choose the most appropriate link on the menu below to get started:


Citing vs. Attribution

When to Cite

When to provide Attribution

Any images you plan to use in a scholarly work (from print or web) should be cited according to required format style (APA, MLA, etc.)

You may attribute an image/visual media source for presentations, papers, or other formats that do not require a specific publication style.

Quick Reference

Example  (MLA) image from the web

Example (APA) image from the web

Example attributed image from the web




Blake, William. The Ghost of a Flea. 1918. Tempera heightened with gold on mahogany. Tate Britain, London. Art Project. Google. Web. 15 Feb. 2011



Lastname, Firstname. Title of Work. Year. Medium. Institution housing work: Location of Institution. Website name. Website sponsor. Web. Date of retrieval.

Carvaggio, M. (1606). Death of the Virgin. [Painting]. Retrieved from



Lastname, A. A. (Year of composition). Title of Work. [Format]. Place work resides

Praying Mantis by Elizabeth Swider (2010) (CC-BY 3.0)


Try to include the following information:

  • Provide the creator of the work
  • the title
  • year(s) when it was composed/completed
  • materials involved in creating the work
  • institution that houses the work
  • date the work was retrieved
  • the website from which the work was retrieved (a hyperlink if the format allows).